INTERNATIONAL TIGER DAY- “Their survival is in our hands”
JULY 29 is observed across the world as International Tiger Day every year to raise awareness about the declining population of the tigers and making efforts to save them from going extinct.
Over the last century, tiger numbers have fallen by about 95 per cent and tigers now survive in 40 per cent less of the area they occupied just a decade ago, according to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).
Due to deforestation and hunting has endangered with Three sub-species that have already driven them to extinction. Only six subspecies of the tiger survive today -
Indian (or Bengal ) Tiger -
India is home to the largest population, estimated to between 2500 and 3,750 individuals, according to the Save the Tiger Fund.
South China Tiger -
Currently 47 South China Tigers live in 18 zoos, all in China.
Malayan Tiger -
It was estimated that there were between 250 and 340 adult Malayan tigers in existence.
Indo- Chinese Tiger -
According to the IUCN Red list, they were listed as endangered. But as per 2010 reports, there were around 350 tigers in remote forests in hilly and mountain terrains.
Amur (or Siberian) tiger -
According to the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation's Save the Tiger Fund, wild Amur tigers are found in two main populations in the Russian Far East.
Sumatran Tiger -
This population was listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red list in 2008, as it was estimated at 441 to 679 individuals and a declining trend.
In India, there are now more than 3000 tigers according to the Tiger census report of 2019 with dedicated efforts by governments, NGOs and aware citizens.
India has managed to raise it’s endangered wild tiger population by over 30% in the last four years, which is remarkable !!
Thousands of captive tigers are kept as pets and in tiger farms that surpass its wild cousins and this is extremely concerning the situation, these animals are born to be free and wild not chained and trapped in cages.
In the year 1900, there were approximately 100 thousand tigers living in the wild, but due to drastic deforestation, indiscriminate hunting and poaching human activity has managed to bring down the numbers to fewer than 4000 in the wild. That is why there’s an urgent need to protect the tiger.
Researched by Deepanshu Khadikar
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